Source imagery, Under the Wings series artworks 1 to 19

I drew many of the bird wings for Under the Wings artworks at the ornithology lab, Burke Museum of Natural History, University of Washington, Seattle. I extend my appreciation and gratitude for invaluable staff assistance over the years.

Many source photos used for drawings in the series (especially during the early years of the series, 1991 to the mid 1990’s) were from the following books:

  1. In the Ghetto of Warsaw – Heinrich Jöst’s Photographs. Edited by Günther Schwarberg; English translation by George Frederick Takis. Pub. by Steidel Verlag, Göttingen, Germany, 2001. ISBN 3 – 8243 – 214 – 4
  2. In the Warsaw Ghetto Summer 1941 – Photographs by Willy Georg with Passages from Warsaw Ghetto Diaries. Pub. by Aperture, NY, 1993. ISBN -83981-526-8
  3. The Warsaw Ghetto in Photographs, 206 Views Made in 1941, edited by Ulrich Keller. Pub. by Dover Publications, NY, 1984. ISBN 0-486-24665-5
  4. Warszawskie Getto 1943-88 W 45 Rocznicę Powstania. Pub. Wydawnictwo (Interpress), Warsaw, 1988. (The 45th Anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising; background text, photos). ISBN 83–223–2465-0
  5. Varsgaver Geta en Bund – The Warsaw Ghetto in Pictures – Illustrated Catalog, 450 Pictures. Pub. by YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, Archives, Pictorial Div., NY, NY 1970. Text in English and Yiddish. No ISBN no. is printed.

Source search note, Sept. 2018: While researching online for source imagery on drawings I had not saved info for, I learned that at least 4 photos I used for drawings (e.g. UTW 1 Muranow Trolley; UTW 22, Chana Bronstein’s manicure shop sign; UTW 31, Bar Mitzvah age boy; UTW 36, Young man w/ Star…) were photos taken by a German soldier photographer, Joe J. Heydecker, in the Warsaw ghetto, early 1941. I also read that he was anti-Nazi in his personal beliefs and had testified against defendants at a Nuremburg war crimes trial.

Source search note, Dec. 4, 2018: My apologies for any attribution I have erroneously misplaced, lost or for which I am not finding attribution for.

Source search note, Dec. 6, 2018:  I haven’t yet found where I saw (and/or who took the Warsaw ghetto) photo) used as my source of inspiration for UTW 25: Smiling man with single wing.

UTW 1: Muranow trolley

From a photo taken by Nazi soldier Joe J. Heydecker. Attributed to Heydecker in the Yad Vashem online photo archives.

There are several books of Heydecker’s Warsaw ghetto photos:

  1. Where is thy brother Abel? Documentary Photographs of the Warsaw Ghetto,’ (photos by) Joe J. Heydecker. Pub. (in English) by Atlantis Livros, Sao Paulo, 1981.
  2. The Warsaw Ghetto: A Photographic Record 1941-1944.’ Pub: St. Martins Press, 1991. The latter book is in several language editions. / The copy I own is: Un Soldat allemande dans le ghetto de Varsovie 1941, pub. by Editions Denoël, Paris, 1986 with a dual copyright to Deustscher Taschenbuch Verlag, München, 1983.

UTW 2: Man with tattered coat

Photo in the chapter Ecce Homo (Ecce Homo from Latin: Behold the man), in The 45th Anniversary of the WG Uprising (Interpress).

UTW 3: Child lifting head

Photo in the chapter Zycie na ulicy (life on the street), in The 45th Anniversary of the WG Uprising (Interpress). / The photo is in Vashaver Geta en Bund – The Warsaw Ghetto in Pictures (YIVO, N.Y., 1970), plate 165 / The photo is in The Pictorial History of the Holocaust, p. 157, pl. 165 (Yad Vashem).

UTW 4: Child with cap

The 45th Anniversary of the WG Uprising. The photo is in the chapter Dzieci (Children); that photo is on the page following the two-page photo used for UTW 15 (Children playing on W.G. street)

UTW 5: Old man praying

The source photo for my drawing is pub. on p. 49, plate 78, Chapter: Worship, in The Warsaw ghetto in Photographs, 206 Views Made in 1941, ed. by Ulrich Keller. Dover Pub., 1984

UTW 6: Two standing children
The photo is seen in the chapter Dzeici (Children), in The 45th Anniversary of the WG Uprising (Interpress).

UTW 7: Infirm child, middle aged woman
Jost photo, book plate 63 / It is in The Pictorial History of the Holocaust, p. 145, pl. 152 (Yad Vashem).

UTW 8: Young man w/ container
The photo is in The Pictorial History of the Holocaust, p. 158, pl. 166 (Yad Vashem).

UTW 9: Two girls on sidewalk
Heinz Jost photo, book plate 56 / The Pictorial History of the Holocaust, p. 149, pl. 156 (Yad Vashem).

UTW 10: Three Jewish prisoners jumping

  1. The balconies at upper left in the drawing were drawn from the first photo in the chapter Ogniem (Fire) in The 45th Anniversary of the W.G. Uprising book (Interpress).
  2. The smoke and fire, upper right of the drawing, was drawn from the third photo in the chapter Ogniem (Fire) in The 45th Anniversary of the W.G. Uprising book (Interpress).
  3. The three people seen falling from balconies in the drawing were drawn from three different photos, seen on the tenth and eleventh pages in that chapter, Ogniem (Fire). These photos were also published in a facsimile edition of The Warsaw Ghetto is No More – The Stroop Report (Pantheon Books, NY, 1979).

UTW 11: Woman fighter after capture
Drawn from a photo in the fourth page of photos in the chapter Powstańcy (Insurgents) in The 45th Anniversary of the WG Uprising book (Interpress). The photo is also in the facsimile edition of The Warsaw Ghetto is No More – The Stroop Report (Pantheon Books, NY, 1979).

UTW 12: Child on sidewalk
Artists note, Nov. 2018. I’m looking for info on the source photo I had used. ~

UTW 13: Sh’ma
Drawn from photos of men worshipping, plates 75 – 82, in Varshaver geta en Bund (YIVO, 1970). The photo is also in The Warsaw Ghetto in Photographs, ed. by Keller (Dover).

The trees I portrayed on top and the sides were inspired by photo pl. 98, of a gravestone, Warsaw Jewish cemetery, in Time of Stones; photos by Monika Krajewska (Interpress, Warsaw, 1983).

UTW 14: Child with soup-plate
Drawn from a photo in the chapter Dzieci (Children) in The 45th Anniversary of the WG Uprising book (Interpress).
The other child in that source photo was drawn in UTW 35 (Claustrophobia in the W.G), seen immediate upper left of the Identity card in the center.

UTW 15: Children playing
Drawn from a photo in the chapter Dzieci (Children) in The 45th Anniversary of the WG Uprising book (Interpress).

UTW 16: Aged girl standing
Drawn from a photo in the chapter Dzieci (Children) in The 45th Anniversary of the WG Uprising book (Interpress).

UTW 17: Two fighters
Drawn from a photo in the second page of photos in the chapter Powstańcy (Insurgents) in The 45th Anniversary of the WG Uprising book (Interpress). The photo is also in The Stroop Report, facsimile edition (Pantheon Books, NY, 1979). And in My Brother’s Keeper – The Holocaust Through the Eyes of An Artist; paintings and text by Israel Bernbaum (Putnam, NY, 1985), p. 23

The border imagery was inspired by the border section of a color photo of a Persian ketubah (for a wedding) in the chapter Muslim lands, p. 35, pub. in Jewish Art & Civilization (Chartwell Books, Switzerland, 1972).The text states the ketubah is in the collection of Dr. Fishel Collection, Berkeley. In my artwork, in the border, I drew the lyrics, in Hebrew, of Hatikvah, the Israeli Jewish national anthem.

UTW 18: Child with waxed wings
Photo by Willy Georg, pub. in the book In the Warsaw Ghetto Summer 1941 (Aperture, NY, 1993). The photo is also in the chapter Dzeici (Children) in The 45th Anniversary of the WG Uprising book (Interpress)

UWT 19: Father with daughter
The photo is in the chapter Ecce Homo of The 45th Anniversary of the W.G. Uprising. The photo is also in Vashaver Geta en Bund -The Warsaw Ghetto in Pictures (YIVO), plate 90, in the section titled Street Scenes, and on p. 148, pl. 155, in The Pictorial History of the Holocaust (Yad Vashem).

Imagery sources, Under the Wings 20 - 29
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