Source imagery, Under the Wings series artworks 50 to 59

UTW 50 Gypsy Boy
The portrait: Drawn from a photo courtesy of the Bundesarchiv (National Archives), Koblenz, Germany, which I first saw on the website of the US Holocaust memorial Museum. I bought a print from the Bundesarchiv with the agreement that I would not reproduce the photo.

The bird seen on viewers right (above his left shoulder) was inspired by a photo by Susan Middleton & David Liittschwager, in the book Witness – Endangered Species of North America. (Chronicle Books, San Francisco, CA., ’94). The bird is a red-cockaded woodpecker; the caption states: Photographed Feb. 21, 1992 at Mississippi State University, Starkville, Mississippi

The white horse like animal was drawn from my imagination. The flowers at left from flowers I bought in a store. The Frei signage and vertical post (viewers right) from Auschwitz death camp photos.

UTW 51: Robert Desnos
Drawn from a photo of Desnos pub. in The Selected Poems of Robert Desnos. Translators: Carolyn Forche, William Kulik; intro. by Kulik (pub. by Echo Press, N.Y., 1991)

A poignant passage,with a signed photo of Desnos, was pub. in The Last Album – Eyes from the Ashes of Auschwitz – Birkenau, edited by Ann Weiss. Pages 112, 113. (Pub. by W.W. Norton & Co., 2001)

UTW 52: Erwin Schulhoff
The portrait (center of the drawing) from a photo published in the article, Music Silenced By the Nazis Finds Its Voice, by Jeremy Eichler (NY Times, April 30, 2004). The photo had an attribution to Delta Music. I don’t know how Delta Music acquired the photo of Schulhoff or how and where the original photo was located

Some of the music notes in the right wing (on viewers left) were drawn from a reproduction of the title page of the “Composition for a Male Chorus” by Pawel Haas, “Al S’fod,” p. 80 in the book Music in Terezin, 1941-45. Edited by Joza Karas (Beaufort Books, NY ’85)

Other musical notes depicted are from Bach, Beethoven, and the Song of the Peabog Soldiers, a concentration camp song that was sung by prisoners in concentration-death camps. Haas, a composer, was Czech Jewish. He was born in Brno, 1899. He was murdered at the Auschwitz death camp, Oct. 17, 1944.

UTW 53: Haggadah (Leone) Ginzburg
There are a number of black and white photos of Ginzburg seen in the internet. I forget where I first saw the photo of Ginzburg I used for my interpretative drawing

The following 3 image sections in my drawing were inspired by the following plates/photos seen in the book Jewish Art & Civilization, edited by Geoffrey Wigoder (Chartwell Books, 1972), chapter 3, Italy, authored by Shlomo Simonsohn:
1. The castle at upper left, inspired by plate, p. 115, the “Printer’s Flag” of Gershom Soncino, 15th to early 16th C., reproduced from the collection of the Jewish National and University Library, Jerusalem. 2. The Chanukah menorah at bottom center, drawn from a photo of a 15th C. Italian lamp, p. 98. The lamp is in the collection of the Israel Museum, 188/606 Feuchtwanger collection
3. Torah finial at top center: Upper left photo, p. 126, of an 18th C. Rimonim ornament, Venice, reproduced from the collection of the Porgtuguees Israelietische Gemeente, Amsterdam
c) Two other areas in my drawing were drawn from a) The pier of the left wing (seen on viewer’s right): Drawn from a photo taken by the artist on the old stone pier in the the Corfu harbor, Greece, 1985
d) The boats and ferry (lower right): Drawn from a window in my apartment looking out over Western Ave, which had a small view of Puget Sound. I lived there, in Seattle’s Pike Place Market, from spring 1990 to spring 2009.

UTW 54: Sophie Scholl
Drawn from a photo of Scholl, age 17, in the book At the Heart of the White Rose, Letters & Diaries of Hans and Sophie Scholl. Edited by Inge Jens. (Pub. by Harper & Row, N.Y., 1987)
/ The photo is published, cropped at left, and blurry, p. 60, in Seis millones de veces – uno el Holocausto, pub. by the Ministerio del Interior, Republica Argentina.

UTW 55: Legless amputee, a man on a cart, Warsaw’s Jewish districtUTW 56: Fiorella Anticoli
Drawn from a photo of Fiorella Anticolli taken when she was 12 years of age. I first saw the photo in 1999 at the Children’s Museum, Yad Vashem, Jerusalem. The original photo is in the collection of the Centro di Documentazione Ebraica Contemporanea (aka CDEC), Milan, Italy
/ The photo is in The Italians and the Holocaust – Persecution, Rescue, Survival, by Susan Zuccotti (pub. by Basic Books, N.Y., 1987)

UTW 57: Life & death in the ghetto
The two children in my drawing, center: Jost photo, book plate 57 / I first saw the photo in the book Seis millones de veces (pub. by Republica Argentina, Ministerio del Interior). / A blurry reproduction of the photo is in The 45th Anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (Interpress, Warsaw, 1988). / The photo is on page 141, pl. 147, in The Pictorial History of the Holocaust (pub. by Yad Vashem, 2000)

The drawing imagery inside the upper and lower parts of the Star of David: The painted sections with Hebrew writing (above and below the drawing of the children); and the Torah crown drawn at top inside the Star of David shaped wood frame section were inspired by black & white photos in the book Time of Stones, photography by Monika Krajewska (Interpress, Warsaw, 1983).

UTW 58: Jehovah’s Witness
There are 3 photos of the prisoner in The Jehovah’s Witnesses and the Nazis – Persecution, Deportation, and Murder, 1933-1945. Authors: Michel Reynaud, Sylvie Graffard (pub. by Cooper Sq. Press, 2001). Introduction by Michael Berenbaum. Photo attribution in the book: The Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum & Memorial, Poland; USHMM Photo Archives.

UTW 59: Mira Steiner
The figure was drawn from a photo provided by the victim’s nephew, Dr. Dani Novak, a retired math professor, Ithaca College, N.Y. Born in Haifa, Dr Novak’s parents were both Croatian Jewish Holocaust survivors. I met Dr Novak while I guest lectured at Ithaca College, April 2002

The mosaic section seen at bottom (not the tiles on the base) was made with broken tiles, stones and a fossilized bone I picked up alongside roads in, around and near the Old Walls of Jerusalem, May 2007. One stone among them I picked up (from among hundreds of rocks and stones around the graves, where there are also weeds, plants, an occasional tree, and debris) was from the Christian cemetery where Oskar Schindler is buried near the Old Walls and not far from the Western Wall. This particular Christian cemetery has two main sections, Christian Arab and Polish Catholic

The Jew Fish wordage (bottom of the drawing) and the fish seen on her right side (seen at viewer’s left, as the drawing is “upside down” – she’s depicted falling, head first) was visually inspired by a package of Jew Fish I bought at a Vietnamese grocery Seattle’s International District, winter-spring 2007. The plastic wrapped packages of dried Jew Fish were in a refrigerated shelf section near packages of salmon, catfish and other fish

The drawing of Mira, on her right leg (seen at viewer’s left): Drawn from a black and white reproduction of a page in the Sarajevo Haggadah, a facsimile copy of which I had borrowed from Seattle Public Library

The dominos, top of the mosaic, were from a family set of my own family, ca. 1950’s

The architectural area at viewers left of the figure drawing: Drawn from a photo of the Subotica, Serbia, synagogue exterior, pub. in the book Synagogues Without Jews, photos and text by Rivka and Ben-Zion Dorfman (pub. by Jewish Publication Society, 2000. ISBN 10: 0827606923; ISBN 13: 9780827606920)
/ A 2013 online article about the Dorfman’s:
https://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4454795,00.html

Imagery sources, Under the Wings 60-69
Imagery sources, Under the Wings 43-49
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